مدیر وبلاگ : Faheem Samadi
Habībullāh Kalakānī (c. 1890 – 17 October 1929), (حبیبالله کلکانی) also known as Habībullāh GhāzīBacha-ye Saqqā, was Emir of Afghanistan from January to October 1929 after deposing Amānullāh Khān with the help of various Ghilzai tribes who opposed modernization of Afghanistan. After gaining power, he named himself Habībullāh Khādem-e Dīn-e Rasūlallāh ("The servant of the religion of the messenger of God"). He was himself overthrown and executed on 3 November 1929 by the army of Mohammed Nadir Khan with help of the Afghan tribes from around the country. and
Habībullāh Kalakānī, an ethnic Tajik, was born in the village of Kalakān in 1890s, which is north of Kabul. His father was a water carrier, therefore he was called "Bache Saqqaw" (Son of a watercarrier) who sent him to a local madrasa to study the Qur'an.
During his adolescence, Habībullāh ventured out of his village and traveled to Kabul and later to JalalabadPeshawar, where he performed odd jobs to sustain himself. In the South, he ran into an old Sufi who told him that he would become Amir one day and then handed him an amulet to keep for good luck. and
In 1919, he returned to Kabul and joined the Afghan National Army. Due to his lack of professional qualification Habībullāh became disillusioned by his income from the army, and compounded with his disobedience and unwillingness to follow orders, he decided to return back to his village in Kalakān an had soon become head of a bandit robber band.
By 1928, Amanullah Khan had returned from Europe and brought with him vast social and cultural changes. This act, as well as pictures of Soraya Tarzi, the Queen of Afghanistan, in western attire upset the ultra-conservative Shinwari tribe and they called for the banishment of the King and the Queen from Afghanistan.
A revolt broke out in Laghman, as Habībullāh having been granted strong support used Tajik and Ghilzai gurrellas fighters. With a change of plans, he decided to resist the government officials in the north and, thus, a $10,000 bounty was placed on him.
With Amanullah's army engulfed in severe battle in Laghman and Jalalabad, Habībullāh began to attack Kabul from the north. The revolt caught steam and by then the country was in full civil war. Kabul was surrounded by the FATA tribes in the south and Habībullāh's militias to the north.
On 16 January 1929, with the King gone, Habībullāh wrote a letter to Amir Inayatullah Khan to either surrender or prepare to fight. Inayatullah Khan's response was that he had never sought nor wished to be king and agreed to abdicate and proclaim Habībullāh as the Amir on 17 January.
Kingship and overthrow
Kalakani's first order was to change the western attire back to traditional clothing and to remove all the flowers from the presidential grounds and plant vegetables instead. He closed down women schools and all western education centres. Cruel and ruthless as he was, his fighters were responsible for mass killings, robberies and sexual assaults.
By September 1929, Amanullah Khan had stopped in Kandahar to regroup his followers and recalled his top general, Nadir Khan, from Europe. General Nadir Khan's army breezed through the west and southern Afghanistan. They had weapons and the support of the people as many volunteers joined the army.
Furthermore, Nadir Khan furnished with troops consisting of thousands of young people from tribal Waziristan and southern parts of Afghanistan. The troops fast approached Kabul and slowly began defeating the forces loyal to Kalakani.
The only man whom Habībullāh feared was coming for him. By October 1929, Kabul was surrounded by Nadir Khan's forces. Kalakani escaped from Kabul towards his village as a fugitive fearing for his life.
Habībullāh again gathered his supporters. He displayed the Quran and Nadir Khan's letter to them and waited to hear their reply. Their answer was negative because they did not trust Nadir Khan, whom they considered to be a smart leader.
Kalakani was later taken to the execution ground and executed on 3 November 1929. While he prepared for the execution, he knelt down and prayed. Habībullāh looked up to the sky and said "Oh God, I have nothing to ask from you, you have given me everything that, I have wanted, you made me Amir..." He was then executed by hanging along with several of his supporters.
نوع مطلب :
برچسب ها :
لینک های مرتبط :
1398/05/7 ساعت 00 و 44 دقیقه و 56 ثانیه
You mentioned that well.
trusted pharmacy canada canadian government approved pharmacies top rated canadian pharmacies online buy viagrow pro canadian pharmacy king canadian pharmacy king canadian pharmaceuticals for usa sales northwest pharmacies canadian online pharmacies reviews canadian medications
1398/04/3 ساعت 05 و 16 دقیقه و 18 ثانیه
You have made the point.
buy cialis online legal buy cheap cialis in uk cialis 50 mg soft tab price cialis best ou acheter du cialis pas cher cialis daily dose generic generic cialis the best site cialis tablets cialis online deutschland tarif cialis france
1398/04/1 ساعت 05 و 51 دقیقه و 01 ثانیه
Whoa all kinds of good tips.
callus venta de cialis canada cialis prezzo di mercato cialis generico cialis uk next day online prescriptions cialis generic for cialis click here cialis daily uk viagra vs cialis vs levitra cialis price in bangalore
1398/03/31 ساعت 14 و 04 دقیقه و 48 ثانیه
Thanks. Ample information!
viagra vs cialis we like it safe cheap cialis buy generic cialis chinese cialis 50 mg cialis sicuro in linea cialis 05 brand cialis generic low dose cialis blood pressure canadian discount cialis wow cialis 20
1398/03/30 ساعت 02 و 35 دقیقه و 35 ثانیه
Wonderful stuff. Kudos!
i recommend cialis generico we use it cialis online store cialis pills cialis farmacias guadalajara cialis generika in deutschland kaufen tadalafil 20 mg cialis 10 doctissimo cialis for daily use cialis 20 mg generic cialis levitra
1398/03/29 ساعت 10 و 15 دقیقه و 49 ثانیه
You said it adequately.!
cipla cialis online cialis efficacit effetti del cialis cialis for sale south africa cialis official site tadalafil generic precios de cialis generico interactions for cialis effetti del cialis venta cialis en espaa
1398/03/26 ساعت 01 و 35 دقیقه و 49 ثانیه
You actually stated it exceptionally well!
cialis pills price each cialis tablets australia buying cialis in colombia buy cheap cialis in uk brand cialis generic chinese cialis 50 mg cialis 05 cialis prices viagra vs cialis vs levitra bulk cialis
1398/03/23 ساعت 16 و 56 دقیقه و 04 ثانیه
Terrific info. Thank you.
acheter cialis meilleur pri cialis tadalafil online cialis vs viagra cialis authentique suisse cialis 5mg prix cialis 5 mg effetti collateral where cheapest cialis cialis rezeptfrei cialis cipla best buy cialis rezeptfrei sterreich
1398/03/22 ساعت 12 و 33 دقیقه و 44 ثانیه
Kudos, Fantastic stuff.
warnings for cialis cialis 20 mg recommended site cialis kanada pastillas cialis y alcoho cialis tablets cialis preise schweiz buy cialis sample pack cialis pills prices for cialis 50mg tadalafil
1398/03/20 ساعت 04 و 34 دقیقه و 23 ثانیه
Amazing plenty of terrific knowledge!
cialis generico postepay cost of cialis cvs purchasing cialis on the internet cialis 100 mg 30 tablet buy cialis online generic cialis tadalafil comprar cialis navarr buy original cialis cialis italia gratis cialis coupons printable
1398/03/18 ساعت 22 و 29 دقیقه و 29 ثانیه
Thank you. Good stuff.
cialis 200 dollar savings card how to buy cialis online usa female cialis no prescription cialis italia gratis cialis tadalafil online cialis arginine interactio cialis authentique suisse warnings for cialis cialis generico milano prix cialis once a da
1398/01/21 ساعت 11 و 07 دقیقه و 17 ثانیه
Incredible a good deal of fantastic data!
canadian pharmacycanadian pharmacy canadian pharmacy king canada medications information canadian pharmacies that ship to us canada pharmacies account drugs for sale on internet drugs for sale online drugstore online shopping pharmacy times canadian pharmacy viagra brand
1397/09/13 ساعت 11 و 59 دقیقه و 41 ثانیه
Nicely put, Cheers!
cialis from canada generic cialis tadalafil cialis savings card cuanto cuesta cialis yaho precios de cialis generico cialis online deutschland cialis 10mg prix pharmaci tesco price cialis brand cialis nl we like it cialis price
1397/09/13 ساعت 00 و 23 دقیقه و 57 ثانیه
Nicely put, Regards!
cialis cost free generic cialis what is cialis generic cialis levitra cialis canada cialis qualitat cialis authentique suisse cialis reviews cialis mit grapefruitsaft viagra cialis levitra
1397/09/12 ساعت 11 و 27 دقیقه و 14 ثانیه
Kudos, Ample forum posts.
order generic cialis online generic cialis 20mg tablets how does cialis work cialis 5 mg para diabeticos cialis therapie cialis dose 30mg cialis rezeptfrei venta de cialis canada generic cialis review uk tadalafil
1397/09/11 ساعت 23 و 57 دقیقه و 42 ثانیه
You expressed that fantastically.
cialis price thailand click here cialis daily uk cialis pills price each cialis super acti generic cialis with dapoxetine generico cialis mexico price cialis per pill cialis online deutschland cialis pills does cialis cause gout
1397/09/10 ساعت 10 و 47 دقیقه و 26 ثانیه
You said it very well.!
cialis tadalafil cialis canadian drugs effetti del cialis cialis patentablauf in deutschland cialis billig walgreens price for cialis cialis super kamagra cialis alternative we choice cialis pfizer india viagra vs cialis vs levitra
1397/09/9 ساعت 23 و 28 دقیقه و 42 ثانیه
Whoa tons of helpful facts.
click now cialis from canada cialis vs viagra prix cialis once a da cialis taglich cialis uk next day i recommend cialis generico order cialis from india generic cialis at walmart cialis manufacturer coupon cialis side effects
1397/09/9 ساعت 11 و 44 دقیقه و 05 ثانیه
You actually suggested that fantastically.
generic cialis pill online cialis per paypa prezzo cialis a buon mercato how to purchase cialis on line we like it cialis price deutschland cialis online cialis prices in england buy generic cialis generic cialis buy cialis sample pack
1397/09/8 ساعت 00 و 39 دقیقه و 57 ثانیه
Regards, Useful stuff!
sublingual cialis online cialis tadalafil online cialis baratos compran uk canada discount drugs cialis cialis taglich buy original cialis cialis online deutschland we choice cialis pfizer india acheter cialis kamagra buy cialis uk no prescription
1397/09/7 ساعت 12 و 22 دقیقه و 33 ثانیه
Thanks a lot, Useful information.
how much does a cialis cost cialis pas cher paris estudios de cialis genricos cialis 10mg prix pharmaci if a woman takes a mans cialis cialis for sale south africa cialis farmacias guadalajara cheap cialis we recommend cialis info comprar cialis navarr
1397/09/7 ساعت 00 و 16 دقیقه و 33 ثانیه
Regards! Ample data!
cialis daily dose generic cialis authentique suisse cialis 5mg cialis farmacias guadalajara cialis side effects dangers online prescriptions cialis cialis generika cialis 5 mg ou trouver cialis sur le net generic cialis 20mg tablets
1397/07/18 ساعت 23 و 01 دقیقه و 36 ثانیه
Excellent knowledge. Regards!
levitra levitra prices levitra generic levitra levitra prices levitra without a doctor prescription generic levitra buy levitra buy levitra generic levitra generic
1397/07/7 ساعت 18 و 17 دقیقه و 57 ثانیه
Many thanks! Ample information.
we recommend cheapest cialis click here to buy cialis online cialis viagra vs cialis vs levitra cialis 5 mg scheda tecnica 5 mg cialis pharmacie en ligne buy cheap cialis in uk purchasing cialis on the internet cialis sicuro in linea achat cialis en itali
1397/06/31 ساعت 13 و 15 دقیقه و 11 ثانیه
Great stuff, Thanks a lot!
canada online pharmacies reviews canadian pharmacies canadian medications online pharmacies india canada drug pharmacy Canadian Pharmacy USA canadian pharmaceuticals for usa sales canadian prescriptions online pharmacy times pharmacy canada plus
1397/06/28 ساعت 15 و 35 دقیقه و 03 ثانیه
Seriously a lot of great advice!
compare prices cialis uk look here cialis cheap canada cialis generic tadalafil buy cialis dosage amounts cialis 5mg when will generic cialis be available cialis from canada cialis 20 mg cut in half cialis lilly tadalafi generic for cialis
1397/06/15 ساعت 00 و 02 دقیقه و 08 ثانیه
Thanks a lot, I like it.
cialis 5mg prix canada discount drugs cialis link for you cialis price cialis price thailand order a sample of cialis recommended site cialis kanada tadalafil 5mg cialis rckenschmerzen cialis generico cialis 100 mg 30 tablet
1397/06/13 ساعت 16 و 15 دقیقه و 31 ثانیه
Helpful information. Thanks.
online drug store trust pharmacy of canada north west pharmacy canada canadian pharmacy viagra brand pharmacy canada north west pharmacy canada canadian pharmacy no prescription northwestpharmacy canada pharmacies online prescriptions canadian pharmaceuticals nafta
1397/06/13 ساعت 02 و 04 دقیقه و 23 ثانیه
You said it very well..
buying viagra on line buy viagra online canada no prescription buy sildenafil tablets online buying viagra on line how can you buy viagra online pharmacy viagra uk cheap viagra buy tadalafil how can i buy viagra without seeing a doctor buy canadian viagra online
1397/06/12 ساعت 18 و 29 دقیقه و 11 ثانیه
Nicely put, Thank you.
purchasing cialis on the internet buy generic cialis 5 mg cialis coupon printable low dose cialis blood pressure cialis rckenschmerzen acheter cialis meilleur pri low cost cialis 20mg cialis 10mg prix pharmaci prices for cialis 50mg cialis online napol